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Estonian Candidate Study

I have conducted the Estonian Candidate Study for the last three parliamentary elections, collecting information about candidates who stood for election to Riigikogu in 2011, 2015, 2019, and 2023. This was done through a series of post-election surveys with considerable overlap in their questionnaires. The questions relate to candidates' political background, campaign choices, and political views. Taken together, these candidate studies provide a valuable over-time insight into political campaigning and representation in Estonia.


2023 Estonian Candidate Study: survey questionnaire in Estonian.

2019 Estonian Candidate Study: survey questionnaire in Estonian.

2015 Estonian Candidate Study: survey questionnaire in Estonian.

2011 Estonian Candidate Study: survey questionnaire in Estonian.


2023: Trumm, S. 2023. Estonian Candidate Study 2023: Overview of answers. [link]

2023: Trumm, S. 2023. Riigikogu Valimised 2023 Kandidaadiküsitlus: Ülevaade vastustest. [link]

2022: Trumm, S. "Online versus offline: Exploring the link between how candidates campaign and how voters cast their ballot". European Journal of Political Research, 61/2: 485-502. [link]

2022: Trumm, S. and Sudulich, L. "A longitudinal study of online campaigning in the most digitally advanced society in the world". Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 32/4: 960-979. [link]

2022: Trumm, S. "Winning votes: The comparative importance of money and time on parliamentary candidates’ electoral performance in Estonia?". East European Politics, 38/3: 960-979. [link]

2019: Trumm, S. 2019. Estonian Candidate Study 2019: Overview of answers. [link]

2019: Trumm, S. 2019. Riigikogu Valimised 2019 Kandidaadiküsitlus: Ülevaade vastustest. [link]

2018: Trumm, S. "The 'new' wave of populist right-wing parties in Central and Eastern Europe: Explaining electoral support for the Conservative People's Party of Estonia". Representation, 54/4: 331-347. [link]
2016: Trumm, S. "What does it take to get elected in a post-communist democracy? Explaining the success and failure of parliamentary candidates in Estonia". East European Politics and Societies, 30/1: 169-188. [link]
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